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Tax / National Insurance / wages

Once you start work you will have some fixed amounts of money taken from your pay:†

  • National Insurance (NI)
  • Income Tax
  • Union payment (if you are a member)
  • Pension†

Most people have to pay these but the amount will depend on a person's situation.

National Insurance

Everybody in work pays National Insurance (NI). The amount you pay is based on what you earn, the more you earn the more you pay. Your employer takes it from your wages.

You will normally be sent a National Insurance number automatically just before your 16th birthday if you live in the UK.

If you didnít get one, call the National Insurance number helpline if youíre under 20.

Telephone: 0300 200 3500

Textphone: 0300 200 3519

Call the National Insurance number application line if youíre 20 or over.

National Insurance number application line - Monday to Friday, 8am to 6pm

Telephone: 0800 141 2075

Textphone: 0800 141 2438


Most people have to pay tax on the money they earn. The amount you pay depends on how much you earn. The money you pay in tax goes towards government spending on things like education, health†and†social security.

You will receive a tax code from the Inland Revenue, which shows how much tax you will pay. If you do not have a tax code or are starting your first job you will need to fill in a P46. Your employer will send this off to the Inland Revenue. You will then receive your tax code.

Your tax is taken off by your employer who records the amount on your pay statement.††

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